Lascaux cave art

Lascaux cave art

Tuesday, December 30, 2008

Aryan, a Term Not Confined to the Indo-Iranians


It has become fashionable among most scholars of the post war generation to avoid the use of the term `Aryan` unless it is used in a purely linguistic sense as in describing the Indo-European languages of Iran and India or the peoples who speak them.
No doubt the use of this term by racialists in National Socialist Germany has had an impact upon this shift of useage despite the fact that the term was in common use as both a linguistic and a racial/ethnic term in all countries before then and indeed is still occasionaly used by some authors in its original sense.
These scholars ignore the body of evidence which makes it abundantly clear that the term Aryan and its derivatives can be found throughout the spectrum of Indo-European languages and has been used as a noun in some of those languages to describe the people who belonged to the ethnic group who spoke that particular Indo-European language.
Indeed it is quite amazing how Indo-European languages spoken so far apart from each other from India to Ireland make use of the term.
The reconstructed Proto-Indo-European tongue has the term *Ar-yo, *Heryos or *Herios from which the word Aryan is descended from in various Indo-European languages. It has the meaning of `member of one`s own group` so quite clearly from the very beginning it had an ethnic or racial sense. It was an exclusive term used by the speakers of Proto-Indo-European, the original Aryans in other words.
Here are some examples of how the term and its derivatives have been used amongst a wide range of Indo-European languages.

Sanskrit-Arya, the exalted, or noble, master, lord, an Aryan, one of the `exalted` ruling race.
Arya-man, a companion[Aryan].

Old Persian-Ariya. See above definition!

Iranian-Airya-a racial title used by Darius on his tomb. Has the same general sense as in the Sanskrit.

Hittite-Ara, member of one`s own group, peer, friend.

Lycian[Anatolian language from South-West Anatolia]-Arus, citizens.

Greek-Areion, better, stronger, braver, usually derived from Ares, war, but probably cognate with Airo, exalt. Ar-istos, best. Heros, a hero, a freeman. Arios or Herios a title of the Medes and Persians. Aeria or Herie, a Greek name for Egypt. Harma-chariot.

Gothic-Harri, lord or king. Her, a noble man. Her-sir, a chief, a lord.

Norwegian-Herre, lord, master, gentleman.

German-Herr, lord, master, gentleman.

Dutch-heer, lord, master, gentleman.

Cornish and Celtic-Arhu, command.

Old English-Hearra, lord, master. Eorl, Erl-cognate with Jarl, a chief, leader, hero, man of valour.

Modern English-Aryan, as a racial ruling title. Aristo-cracy, a government of the `best or strongest` men, the nobility, from the Greek: Aristo-crat, Aristo-cratic.

Old and Modern Irish-aire, freeman. Erin, Eire, Ireland-same sense as Aryavarta-land of the Aryans.

In the following languages the prefix ar has the connotation of to plough or till in certain words:

Latin-arare
Greek-aroun
Slavic-orati
Welsh-arad
Old English-erien
Gothic-arjan.

Closely related to this sense of the term the following langauges extend the use of the prefix to terms for the earth:

Modern English-earth
German-Erde
Dutch-aarde
Latin-arvum
Greek-era

The German word Ehre closely related to the Dutch eer which means honour also is a derivative of Aryan and generally conveys the notion of honourable conduct which is regarded as atypical of the Arya.
This article is intended to be a `work in progress` and will be amended, corrected and be added to in the course of time.

Saturday, December 27, 2008

The Rig Veda and Indo-European Society


"The oldest epic in the history of Indo-European literature is the Rig Veda, which dates back to the middle second millenium and supposedly celebrates the Aryan conquest of a Bronze Age civilization in India, the Harappan of the Indus river valley. These migrants flow from the same source as the Battle Axe folk who moved into the region of the Rhine and Lowlands in Europe, who blended with the Beaker folk there and emerged as the proto-Celts who entered Britain and built Stonehenge III.
That source is the Ukranian grasslands above the Caucasus, where a Neolithic people began domesticating the horse by 4,000 B.C. It was the domesticated horse which gave this nucleus of the Indo-European peoples the mobility to move in waves into Europe, first with the horse as a pack animal then later as a draft animal for pulling wagons; with a team of animals hitched to war chariots they rode into Anatolia and Greece as ancestors of the Hittite and Mycenaean rulers, into Egypt as the Hyksos, into Mesopotamia as the Kassites who conquered Babylonia, and into India as the wreckers of Harappa. The Indo-European chariot appears to have been modeled after the Sumerian battle-car, drawn by onagers and rolling on solid wheels. The imitation was drawn by horses and rolled on spoked wheels, a combination that gave the chariot a speed and lightness that carried the Indo-Europeans rapidly through the east-west corridors of steppeland from Hungary to Mongolia. The Battle Axe folk who entered Europe were an advance wave who brought with them hole-shafted axes or stone modeled after Kurgan bronze axes but not yet horses, wagons, or war chariots. These were passed on to the Celts of Hallstatt times and were brought to Britain by La Tene Celts from the Marne region of France in about 250 B.C. and from thence to Ireland in about 1 B.C.
At all events, the Aryan chariot is named in the Rig Veda with a Sanskrit word[ratha] which is cognate with words in Latin[rota], Celtic[roth], Old High German[rad], and Lithuanian[ratas]. Sanskrit words in the Rig Veda for wheel, axle, nave, and yoke also appear in related forms throughout the whole Indo-European group of Celtic, Germanic, Italic, and Balto-Slavic languages. Furthermore, the chariot itself, as shown by correlations between descriptions in the Rig Veda and archaeological evidence, is essentially the same vehicle-from wheel base to length of yoke-as known throughout the whole area of Indo-European colonization, from Mycenaean Greece to Celtic Britain-even to China, where chariot burials appear concimitant with the first historical dynasty[Shang] and cities.
The subject of the Rig Veda is the glorious deeds of city-wrecking, cattle-thieving heroes of the Punjab, personalized in a number of Aryan deities whose greatest is Indra.
With all-outstripping chariot-wheel, O Indra, though far-famed, hast overthrown the twice ten kings of men With sixty thousand nine and ninety followers. Thou goest on from fight to fight intrepidly, destroying citadel after citadel with strength.

Strong-armed, drunken, beer drinking, beef eating battle leader, Indra hurls thunderbolts in his divine moments, otherwise fights with bow and arrow from a chariot. "He sweeps away, like birds, the foe`s possessions."
Warriors appeal to him in their "resolve to win a cow, to win a steed." Indra is the apotheosis of the Indo-European warrior chieftain; it is "He under whose supreme control are horses, all chariots, and the villages, and cattle." Above all, he is a "city destroyer."
The phrase "city destroyer" reverberates throughout Indo-European literature, Professor F.J. Tritsch recently has commented on its factual basis among the ancient Greeks:
Small groups of people consisting mainly of chieftains with their bands of followers appear at various places....Almost in every case we find small bands of chiefs and adventurers going forth in the Aegean region to carve out for themselves a new home, or little principalities, or lives of romance....They had among them a special title of honour; ptoliporthos, "Sacker of Cities"....The greatest thing was to be a sacker of cities....In the Homeric epics not only the great heroes like Achilles bear this title....One does not sack a city in order to increase one`s power or political influence, or to capture its trade and commerce. The real purpose is to capture booty, silver, gold and bronze, horses and cattle or sheep, but especially: women! Again and again the phrase occurs in the epics of the fight for "the city and the women."

The warriors who did these things, or boasted of doing them, are the main subject of epic poetry.

The Vedic hymns, like the poetry of the Homeric minstrels and Celtic bards, were composed by a class of artists for the praise of their heroic patrons, who stood at the head of a chiefdom stratified in three layers. The Sanskrit words for these are Kshatriya, Brahmin, and Vaishva in which the praise poets, shaman/priests in another role, occupy the middle stratum. All three layers correspond with the equites, druides, and plebs described by Caesar for the Celts of Gaul, and which have their exact parallel in the Gaelic society of old Ireland. They are the warriors, priests, and husbandmen which make up the social order of Indo-European chiefdoms everywhere. To summarize:


India Gaul Ireland
Warriors Kshatriya equites ri
Priests Brahmin druides fili[or drui]
Husbandmen Vaishva plebs aire


Exceptional craftsmen rank with priests and poets; ordinary artisans are joined with husbandmen and other lower class freemen. Warriors constitute a self-equipped nobility from whose upper ranks a chief or king is elected by the sovereign assembly of the tribe, the totality of fighting men, the teuta. Derived from this Indo-European root word is the tribal name of the Teutones and the Irish tuath. Rarely mentioned in heroic poetry are the bondsmen and drudges named Sudra in Sanskrit.
Ireland and India are the two extreme reaches of Indo-European colonization in which literacy was delayed the longest, hence the longest viability of oral literature in these parts. St. Patrick brought Roman writing with the conversion and by the eleventh century native monks patriotically recorded the Irish counterpart of the Rig Veda known as the Ulster cycle. Paper was introduced to India by the Moslems in the thirteenth century and the Rig Veda was recorded in the late eighteenth by British scholars from Brahminic sources for whom the exact reproduction of every syllable and accent was a sacred duty. This is nothing unusual if we accept, on Caesar`s word, the twenty years taken by the British Druids to memorize a body of oral literature.
That the Druids were heir to the same tradition as the Brahmins is further examplified by the heptasyllabic line in Irish verse, which is derived from the same metrical standards of the oldest known form of Indo-European verse in the Rig Veda, a heritage shared by the Greek meters of Homer as well.
Indeed, the Rig Veda, the Ulster cycle, and Homer may all spring from a common literary work. Or so Robert Graves believes.[In the quotation below, he translates the title of the main epic in the Ulster cycle , the Tain Bo Cualnge, as "The War of the Bulls".]

Sometimes the similarity of Greek and Irish myths tempts us to reconstruct a lost Indo-European original. Thus the Irish War of the Bulls describes the hero Cuchulain`s divine chariot team, named "The Grey of Macha" and "Black Sanglain", which correspond to Achilles` horses Xanthus and Balius and, like them, shed tears of grief. Cuchulain and Achilles both have a charmed spear, each mourns for the death of a blood-brother and fights desperately at a ford; but Cuchulain kills his blood-brother, who has been enrolled by fate among the enemy. The War of the Bulls being far earlier in sentiment and style than the Iliad[though consigned to writing a thousand years later], their common Indo-European original may have been the Mahabharata, before it was heavily and clumsily rewritten, where Karna, son of the Sun-god, possessed a similar weapon and fought his own brother. I make this suggestion because, on the battlefield, Cuchulain and Achilles share the unusual characteristic of shining with a "hero light" compared to the Sun; and because Cuchulain is held to be a reincarnation of the Sun-god Lugh. When the River-god Xanthus attacks Achilles at the ford, Hephaestus, God of the Forge, rescues him by scorching the riverbanks and making the waters boil, since the Greek Sun Titan Hyperion never intervened in human affairs, and since Hephaestus` use of coals from his furnace has an artificial ring, we may presume an earlier version of the legend in which the Sun-god comes to the hero`s rescue.

The Rig Veda was composed during the entrance phase of the Aryan invaders, whose verses about city sacking once were thought to accord with the time of actual destruction in the archaeological record. In time, the Aryans were absorbed by the civilization under attack, to contribute their epic poetry to the evolving tradition of Indian high culture. Sanskrit poetry has something important to say about the Indo-European background of the Wessex warriors, who built Stonehenge III at about the same time the Rig Veda was composed. Both the Vedic and the Wessex warriors belong to the same heroic age of aristocratic chiefdoms."

[From Stonehenge and the Origins of Western Culture by Leon. E Stover and Bruce Kraig]

Tuesday, September 30, 2008

Egypt-an Aryan Civilization


L. Austine Waddell in his Makers of Civilization in Race and History establishes a clear link between the ancient Aryan kings of India with the pre-dynastic Pharaohs of Egypt and the kings of Sumer.
In fact he goes further and suggests that the Germanic gods Odin and Thor are deified human heroes and kings and are cognate with the earliest Aryan, Sumerian and Egyptian kings.
This is a process known as euhemerisation.[From Euhemeris a 4th century BCE Greek philosopher.
Through his decipherment of ancient Sumerian seals and their decoding via early ancient Indian king lists he is able to provide a full genealogy of these ancient kings and finds a remarkable agreement between the list of kings and rulers from Sumer, India and pre-dynastic Egypt.
"As these discoveries were achieved mainly through the official King-Lists and Chronicles of the Early Aryans lying embedded and hitherto wholly unappreciated by Vedic scholars in the Indian Epic of Ancient Heroes[the Puranas]; but which have preserved the complete lists of the Sumerian kings of which only fragmentary lists have been recovered in the Babylonian dynastic lists, and have also preserved uniquely the traditional forms of the names of the Sumerian kings which have hitherto been wholly unknown to Assyriologists in their conjectural "restorations" of the kings` names from the ambiguous polyphonous Sumerian and cuneiform writing, it is desireable now for us to examine the authenticity and date of these Ancient Aryan King-Lists and Chronicles which have proved to be such unique and fundamentally important keys to the recovery of Sumerian and Early Aryan History and to the dated Early History of the World`s Civilization.

"It was this startling and revolutionary discovery by me, about a quarter of a century ago, that Menes, the founder of the First Dynasty of Egypt, was clearly identical with the Aryan Emperor Manasyu of Gopta, or Asa-Manja or Asa-Manjas, and with Manis-Tusu, the son of Sargon, disclosed by by the Indian Chronicles and King-Lists, that chiefly forced me to take up seriously the gigantic task of mastering the Sumerian language and its linear and cuneiform script, in order to revise the spelling of the names at first hand, after observing the totally different forms of the names which different Assyriologists "restored" from the same Sumerian writing in the same texts. All the more so was I prompted to take up this Egyptian side of the research, as the marvellous civilization of Ancient Egypt had captivated me ever since I had spent some weeks at the Boulaq Museum in Cairo in the eighties, and had acquired even then an amateurish acquaintance with the Egyptian hieroglyphics.

"Hitherto "Sargon"-the Great has been dogmatically stated by all Assyriologists, followed mechanically by all modern writers, to have been a lowly-born adventurer and a Semite in race, notwithstanding that there is nothing whatever to support such conjectures. On the contrary, neither in his own records nor in those of his dynasty nor elsewhere is there any reference whatever to his being a Semite or non-Sumerian. All his inscriptions that have hitherto been found in Mesopotamia are written in the standard Sumerian script of his time, in the Sumerian or Aryan sun-wise direction of left to right, and usually if not altogether in the Sumerian language-the very occasional introduction of a Semitic word or idiom[which is doubtful in regard to Sargon`s own inscriptions], was obviously, as I have shown, because by far the great majority of his subjects in his vast empire were Chaldeans or Semites who spoke a Semitic language, and Sargon himself doubtfully but certainly his successors in the dynasty, tended to embody a few Semitic words in their official inscriptions for imperial purposes, just as other Aryan Emperors did in later times. His religion was purely Sumerian and Aryan; he worshipped and invoked solely the Sun[a non-Semitic cult] with its associated later Sumerian or Aryan deity Sagg or Sakh, and neither he nor his dynasty ever once mentions a Semitic deity.

"The current name "Sargon" for this great Sumerian-Aryan emperor, is merely a Semitized corruption adopted by Assyriologists who have supposed him to be a Semite, in order to assimilate his name to the Hebrew name for the relatively late notorious Semitic Assyrian king who sent the Jews into captivity.

"Neither "Sargon" himself nor Babylonian scribes are ever found to have spelt his name so. That emperor himself usually spells his own name in his very few inscriptions as yet unearthed in Mesopotamia as Shar Ga-ni, Sir Ga-ni or Shar-Gu-ni."

Monday, August 25, 2008

The Role of the Father in Aryan Families


Aryan society has always been patriarchal from the very earliest days and this can be established by examining the structure and governance of households in post-Proto-Indo-European times.
Charles Morris in his The Aryan Race has this to say on the matter:


"In the early state of all the Aryan branches the family was organised under conditions of considerable similarity,-conditions doubtless inherited from ancient Arya. Each family, indeed, constituted a despotism on a small scale. The house-father was the head of the domestic group, and represented it in the community. Within the house precincts he possessed the governing power, and the right-if we may judge from the Roman example-to banish any member of his household, to sell his sons or daughters into slavery, to command them to marry whom he would, to seize on all their possessions, and to kill them at his will.

"It may be said, however, that some recent writers question the general absolutism of the Aryan house-father. It is certain, at all events, that his house was his castle. No one had the right to enter it without his permission, not even an officer of the law. It was his private kingdom, and for the acts of the members of the household he alone stood responsible to the community. The idea of personal individuality had not yet clearly arisen. The household was the primitive Aryan individual.

"In Greece the same conditions prevailed.

"In the Hindu family of today this inviolate character of the household is strictly maintained. A mystery overlies all its operations,-a remarkable secrecy, which is maintained in the humblest households, and is probably a survival of a very ancient system of family isolation.
With the Celts and the early Greeks there existed the right to expose or sell their children. This had become absolute among the Teutons, though the right was recognised in case of necessity. With the Russians the power of the house-father, says Mr. Dixon, is without any check. He arranges the marriage of his son, makes the son`s wife a servant, and stands above all law in his house. His cabin is not only a castle but a church, and every act of his done within that cabin is supposed to be not only private but divine."

Over one point alone the authority of the house-father was not absolute. He could do what he would with the movable property of the household and the labour of its inmates, but he could not sell or encumber the landed property. This was not individual, but corporate wealth. It belonged to the family as a whole, and was held inviolable. This was the law in all Aryan regions, from India to Ireland, with the possible exception of Rome, whose ancient laws relating to such matters are lost."

Sunday, August 10, 2008

The Role of Women in Aryan Society


"Out of the corruption of women proceeds the confusion of castes; out of the confusion of castes, the loss of memory; out of the loss of memory the lack of understanding; and out of all this, all evils."[Bhagavad Gita]

The granting of the electoral franchise to women, property rights and "equal rights" in the 20th century should be viewed as a direct attack upon the Aryan western world.
The woman is a vital linchpin of the Aryan family and to tamper with her traditional role which nature has superbly equipped her for is to tamper with nature herself.

For millenia Aryan woman has been the nurturer and bearer of offspring. Just as the role of the man and father is clearly outlined by nature so is that of the woman and mother.

With the granting of "equal rights" has come the mistaken perception that the role of the woman and mother is essentially similar to that of the man and father and men and women could and indeed should swap roles. Over the last 10 years or so we have witnessed the absurdity of the "stay at home father", the "househusband" and the "careerwoman/mother".
This unnatural reversal of traditional gender role models will sow the seed of confusion in our young and add to the further destabalisation of western society.

The media, the willing tool of global capitalism has promoted this gender confusion. How often today do we witness television commercials and dramas portraying the man`s role as being in the kitchen and that of the woman as the strong career woman who belittles her husband, often in the presence of their children and makes all the decisions?

Our ancestors wisely saw that a woman`s heart is often vain and fickle and it is only under the jurisdiction of her father and later her husband can her negative thought patterns be corrected and channelled down positive paths.

It is no coincidence to find that in mixed-race families it is often the woman that is the Aryan partner. The ancient Aryan sacred writings known as the Bhagavad Gita correctly saw that such biological confusion has its origins in our women. It is only through firm but fair male guidance that such folly can be prevented.

The confusion of caste will lead to our inevitable extinction as a special human species.

Sunday, April 06, 2008

The Nordic Basis of Civilisation


Civilisations should not be assessed on the basis of their majority populations but on the ruling elite who impose their language and culture on the subject population.
The ruling and civilising elite has always been Nordic.

"For thousands of years they have poured forth from their northland homes in conquering waves over Europe and many parts of Asia as well. The Aryan invaders of India were Nordics; so were the ancient Persians; while the Greeks and Romans of classic times contained much more Nordic blood, at least among the ruling classes.
Always and everywhere the Nordics have been a race of warriors, sailors, pioneers, and explorers. Unlike the Alpines, with their slow mass migrations and peaceful penetration, the Nordics have ranged far and wide, often in small numbers, but winning their way by their fierce energy and great fighting power. Conquering peoples sometimes vastly superior in numbers, the Nordics have settled down as an aristocratic ruling class, and they have usually known how to perpetuate their rule because of their high political ability. Political ability is one of the Nordics` chief gifts, which they display both in ruling others and in ruling themselves.
The Nordic is at once democratic and aristocratic. Among his own kind he is democratic. Profoundly individualistic and touchy about his personal rights, neither he nor his fellows will tolerate tyranny. None of the primitive Nordic tribes had despotic rulers, while modern constitutional government was developed by the Nordic English and has not been really successful except among peoples with a strong strain of Nordic blood.
Where the Nordic establishes himself among other races he is instinctively aristocratic. Feeling himself the ruler and the superior, he prides himself on his race and seeks to guard the purity of his blood. Throughout Europe to-day the old aristocratic class tends to be of Nordic origin. Even in countries where the Nordic element has been mainly bred out of the population what little Nordic blood remains is found chiefly concentrated in the old upper-class families."
[Racial Realities in Europe by Lothrop Stoddard]

Saturday, March 22, 2008

Sun Worshipers in German Europe


Excerpt from Richard Noll`s The Aryan Christ

The Secret Life of Carl Gustav Jung


Sun worshipers in German Europe

Jung's massive hymn to the sun could not have come at a more opportune time in German cultural history. All around him, in places such as Bavaria, Thuringia, and Ascona, German-speaking youths were on the march. They were hiking, singing German folk songs, reading Navalis, Goethe, Haeckel, Wilhelm Bblsche, Hesse, and Madame Blavatsky, wearing swastika pendants and runic rings, bathing nude in the sun, and dancing around bonfires on the days of the summer solstice-the ancient German festival of the "changing sun" (Sonnwendfest). They carried banners with the ancient Aryan "sun wheel" on them, a symbol of god that could be found in the ancient homelands of the Aryans-Iran and especially India-in the for-in of circular mandalas. And they sang hymns of praise to the sun. Because of decades of Volkish speculation about the consequences of the work of philologists such as Muller and Renan, there was an extraordinary revival of interest in not only the symbolism of sun worship but also its practice. The natural religion of the ancient Aryans-and indeed, of all humans if one were to speculate far enough-was revived by a multitude of groups all over Germany, Austria, and especially Switzerland, where cults and heretical sects had blossomed for centuries. Some actually performed group rituals in honor of the sun. But sun worship was just one element in a confused mass of cultural contradictions that beset Ger-inany in the three decades preceding the First World War. From the racialist right to the anarchist left a culture of "progressive reaction" against industrial capitalism was on the rise. All of the values that formed the foundation of the industrial order-repressive Judeo-Christian antihedonism, utilitarianism, and rational thought-were confronted with new philosophies of life or of pure experiences that exalted myth over history, impulsive action or deed over conscious reflection, and feeling or intuition over rational thought. This progressive reaction, as historian Jost Hermand has termed it, was manifest in a profound sense of loss, a sense that a spiritual connection with nature and the cosmos had been sacrificed with the rise of a more highly mechanized, industrialized, and urbanized civilization. Much of the sense of loss was expressed in metaphors of degeneration and decay. Civilization had ruined human beings by forcing them into unnatural, cramped, urban environments. Diseases physical and mental were hatched in some places, and the medical science of the day believed that such damage to an individual could be passed down to successive generations. Racial renewal, whether for the individual or society as a whole, was associated with new attitudes toward sexuality and eroticism. There was a cry to recover the Volk-that mystical union of a people with its blood and landscape-from the degenerate industrialized masses. The iron cage of "civilization"-Judeo-Christian beliefs and other political and value systems-had to be cast off in order to recover true culture, the primordial ground of the soul, the Volk. There was only one solution: recover the "archaic man" within, allowing a rejuvenating return to the chthonic powers of the Edenic, Aryan past. It is no coincidence that these same ideas are expressed time and again by C. G. Jung, especially in the first sixty years of his life. The multifaceted Volkish movement (Volkstumbewegung) had a broad plan for Germanic society: at the individual level, the taking of cures, abstinence from alcohol, nudism, vegetarianism, the eating of health foods, contact with the ancestors through spiritualist practices, and hiking through Nature were all remedies to erase the sense of profound loss that so many suffered. At the level of culture, a cleansing of the Aryan race through eugenics and deportations was proposed. Inspired by Herder, Schleiermacher, Ernst Mortiz Amdt, and Turnvater Jahn, throughout the nineteenth century the movement grew increasingly influential as the Germans sought their place in the sun. After German unification in 1871, Volkish energies fueled the establishment of a multitude of lodges, clubs, societies, and so on, all devoted to spiritual renewal. Some of these groups were motivated by blood mysticism and fantasies of reform through a return to the worship of the old Aryan gods. As early as 1814, Amdt had proposed a return to the celebration of the summer solstice as a way to return politically fragmented Germans to their cultural and religious roots. It was left to future leaders to bring his dream into reality. Eugen Diederichs, the famous Jena publisher of many of the new texts of this mystical, Volkish, neo-romantic movement, was one of them. He personally led sun-worshiping rituals with his youth-movement disciples beginning in 1904, expressing the beliefs of so many of them when he said, "My view of god is this, that I regard the sun as a source of all life." The youth organization of the Monistenbund-inspired and led by Haeckel-sponsored sun-worshiping festivals each summer solstice. Haeckel himself was not a practicing neopagan but loved the spirit of the movement. In 1910, the year Jung got lost in sun-hero myths while researching Wandlungen, a Monistenbund joumal reproduced this hymn to the sun:

We are all children of the sun. Out of its womb our planet was bom. An eter nal law of nature compels us to be within its sphere and influence. The im mensity of space is cold, still, lifeless-our luminous mother sun, warming and ripening our fruit, appears as the simple, true element of life. Our ances tors knew this in ancient times. Thus their justifiable joy when the sun made its slow victoriou@ spiral across the sky. They then remembered that all those trees, which concealed their greenness in the wintertime, were consecrated to the god, Wotan.45

Others wanted a Wagnerian twist to their Volkish neopaganism. They gathered in bearskins and made ritual sacrifices of animals to Wotan, Thor, Baldur, and other Teutonic deities. They studied the symbols of the ancient Norse runes and took visionary joumeys to meet with members of an ancient spiritual brotherhood. There were dozens of groups like these, large and small. They convinced themselves that they were chosen, like the grail knights in Wagner's Parsifal, to seek and protect the Holy Grail-in this case, the spiritual purity of Aryan blood. The most famous of these was the Tannenberg Foundation of General Erich Ludendorff, war hero and, later, a co-conspirator in Adolf Hider's failed putsch in 1923. The symbol of Ludendorff's organization was the hammer of Thor. Like many in German culture at the turn of the century, Ludendorff wanted to eradicate Christianity and replace it with an Aryan faith. As one commentator on the neopagan movement in Germany revealed, "In line with the Tannenberg program for the restoration of the ancient Germanic religion, General Ludendorff, accompanied by a few young men, would from time to time retire to the forests near Munich, where a bonfire was lighted and a horse sacrificed in honor of Thor, the god of thunder."

259

Jung's German spirituality was never more apparent: his references to the rootedness of one's spirituality, of the fact that one's spirituality must come from one's blood, and the appeal to stay within the boundaries of one's mystical landscape. In a 1918 essay, "Uber das Unbewusste" (translated as "The Role of the Unconscious"), Jung used "rootedness" to argue that the psychoanalysis of Freud and Alfred Adler could apply only to Jews. Jung argued that Germans would find Jewish psychoanalysis unsatisfying. Analytical psychology is therefore an Aryan science and form of spiritual psychotherapy that can truly assist only those of Aryan blood. Whereas Jung considered the English an extension of Germanic blood, his tolerance did not extend to Slavs such as Ouspensky. The English were Aryans, they could be redeemed with his methods. Slavs, although originally Aryan, had too much Asian blood mixed in; they would have a difficult time. Jews could not be redeemed.

Although every foreigner who came into contact with Jung received a heavy dose of Volkish mysticism, few understood its uniquely German context.

The term rooted was constantly invoked by Volkish thinkers-and with good reason. Such rootedness conveyed the sense of man's correspondence with the landscape through his soul and thus with the Volk, which embodied the life spirit of the cosmos. It provided the essential link in the Volkish chain of being. Moreover, rural rootedness served as a contrast to urban dislocation, or what was termed "uprootedness." It also fumished a convenient criterion for excluding foreigners from the Volk and the virtues of rootedness. In addition, the concept of rootedness provided a standard for measuring man's completeness and his inner worth. Accordingly, having no roots stigmatized a person as being deprived of the life force and thus lacking a properly func tioning soul. Rootlessness condemned the whole man, whereas rootedness signified membership in the Volk which rendered man his humanity.

Wednesday, March 19, 2008

Parsifal


Wagner`s last and many argue his greatest music drama[he did not refer to them as operas] is Parsifal. Wagner based his work on Wolfram von Eschenbach`s version of the Parzival myth. However von Eschenbach`s work does agree closely with the older version by Chretien de Troyes.
It would be a mistake to label Parsifal as a Christian passion play as many have over the years since its first performance in 1882. Sacred drama it may be but Christian certainly not. There is a thin, a very thin Christian veneer to the drama but only a very superficial understanding would cause one to consider it essentially a Christian work.
Parsifal is inextricably linked to the King Arthur and Holy Grail myths of the high Middle Ages whose roots may be traced right back to pre-christian Celtic times and the myth of the Cauldron which features in many Celtic tales, especially the Cauldron of the god Dagda. A real life magical cauldron, the Gundestrup Cauldron was discovered in a Danish peat bog at Gundestrup and datable to the 1st or 2nd century BCE and probably manufactured in Gaul. Its sides feature images of Celtic deities and sacred magical rituals and the author John Grigsby in his Warriors of the Wasteland considers that it was connected to rituals of human sacrifice because there is a basis for this in Celtic myths and human sacrifice in peat bogs is known to have been practiced in the Celtic and Germanic regions.[See PV Glob`s The Bog People]
Both the Grail[taken from the Old French graal, an adaption of the Latin gradalis] is a dish, a cauldron in other words and like the Cauldron of Celtic myth had curious restorative properties and could provide nourishment and sustenance for the Knights of the Grail as Dagda`s Cauldron could.
Current popular authors associate the Grail with the idea of a bloodline, most especially a messianic bloodline which must be guarded and kept secret.
Wagner whether intentionally or not appears to be responsible in the eyes of some scholars for associating the Grail with the concept of Aryan blood purity. Certainly his Pasifal does seem to associate the concept of the land around Montsalvat being laid waste due to the faithlessness of its king Amfortas who succombed in temptation to the feminine charms of the sorceress Kundry who is taken by some to be a feminine Wandering Jew. The result of this lapse was a loss in blood purity and the onset of physical and spiritual corruption in the Grail lands which only Parsifal, the Aryan redeemer could restore.
Only by his possession of the sacred spear/lance and the Grail could he restore the land and people.
The spear could be likened to a penis, the Grail a womb. The meeting of the two, the animus and the anima would restore Aryan wholeness and blood purity.
Many have also likened the sacred spear or lance with the spear of Wotan, Gungnir which in Wagner`s Siegfried was broken by the hero Siegfried and this marked the end of the gods, the onset of the Goetterdaemmerung, The Twilight of the Gods.
Parsifal in effect is a reborn Siegfried, a hero destined to a higher status who will fulfill his mission where Siegfried failed but nevertheless builds upon Siegfried`s past work.
Where Siegfried, the fearless hero was intent on discovering the emotion of fear[something he lacked] Parsifal`s mission was to discover the emotion of compassion[Mitleid].
On discovering the Valkyrie in a deep sleep[induced by her father Wotan for disobedience] on the summit of a rocky mountain, surrounded by a magical wall of fire that no coward dare cross Siegfried suddenly experienced fear for the first time in his life:

Brennender Zauber
zueckt mir in`s Herz;
feurige Angst
fasst meine Augen:
mir schwankt und schwindelt der Sinn!
Translation by Stewart Spencer:
Burning enchantment
charms my heart;
fiery terror
transfixes my eyes:
my senses stagger and swoon!
By contrast Parsifal finally learned compassion by asking the question, What aileth thee mine uncle?[Eschenbach]

Monday, March 17, 2008

"Aryan" Essentially a Racial or Ethnic Term by L. Austine Waddell


An extract from LA Waddell`s A Sumer Aryan Dictionary.

The title "Aryan" is the Anglicized form of the Sanskrit Arya, the "noble or exalted", a term which is employed in Indian literature, ancient and modern, solely in a racial sense to designate the fair ruling and civilizing race as opposed to the dark aboriginal subject people, and India itself was called the "Land or Region of the Aryas[or Aryans]." It is also used in its proper racial sense by Huxley in the heading in designating the fair long-headed people, now mainly represented in Europe by the British and Norse or Scandinavians, the so-called "Nordics" of modern anthropologists.
It is similarly used in a racial or ruling sense by the Sumerians, Akkads, Amorites, and Hittites in its earlier form of Ar, Ara, Ari, Har or Harri, also meaning "exalted or noble"[see Ar, Ara, etc in Dictionary], and similarly with a like meaning in Ancient Egypt[see Hari, Heri under Ar in Dictionary]; and ancient Greek name of Aeria or Harie for Egypt, probably designated that country as the "Land of the Ari or the Aryans". The Medes, as`Herodotus records, were formerly called Arii; and "Ariana" or "Land of the Ari" was`a title of Persia and the source of the modern name Iran for that land. The title Harri is used by the Mitani or the Early Medes, on their records about 1400 B.C. . Darius-the-Great calls himself on his tomb "an Ariyo of Ariyo descent". It is the Her title of the Ancient Goths, in their great epics, the Eddas, and the source of the modern Herr or "master" of the Teutons and Scandinavians, of the Irish Celtic Aira, a "chief" or "nobleman", and of the Ar in aristocratic[see Ari "Aryan" in Dictionary].
This title Ar, Ari, Arya, or "Aryan", appears, as I have shown, to have originally designated the Early Aryans as "The Ploghmen" from the Sumerian Ar, Ara, "plough", which is now disclosed as the source of the Old English ear, "to plough, to ear the ground" and of "ar-able", etc.[See Ar, "plough" in Dict]. The Aryans are now seen to have been the traditional inventors of the plough and of the Agricultural Era of the World; and the sense of Ara or "the exalted ones" appears to have been used for this title when this gifted race became the rulers of the various aboriginal tribes-the Sumerian also gives the plough sign the meaning of "raise up, exalt" as the secondary meaning of ploughing as "the uplifting" of the earth[see Ara, exalt, in the Dict].

Mr Waddell in his Makers of Civilization in Race and History writes:

"The title Arya, Englished into "Aryan", is the usual term employed for the white race, now called from its western stock "Nordic", from the very earliest Vedic period by the eastern or Indian branch of that race who have uniquely preserved its early traditional history and records; and the same race is similarly so termed by the Ancient Persians who also belonged to its eastern branch. And the title was and is solely used by them in a racial and in no other sense; and especially it is never used by them in a linguistic sense as is popularly supposed-a useage which was only introduced by European philologists a few generations ago. That title Arya literally means in both the Indian Sanskrit, the old classic language of India, and in the Ancient Persian language "the exalted or noble one"; and it is derived as I have shown from the Sumerian Ar, Ara "exalt, lofty, shining, glory"; which is also disclosed as the remote Sumerian root of our modern word "Aristocrat" or "noblest or most excellent governor", derived through the Greek, a word which well defines the older ethnic meaning of the word "Aryan". For the civilizers of the old world are now disclosed to have been more or less exclusively of this Aryan stock, which was essentially an aristocracy of master-men, the ruling race who established Civilization and who civilized the aborigines by their enlightened rule and science; just as in the Greek classic period of Europe, Greek Civilization reached its zenith under a military aristocracy of this same Aryan race, and weakened and became practically extinct with the weakening and practical extinction of this Aryan racial element from the population there. Indeed the later Sumerians do appear also to have used this title in a racial sense in the aspirated form of Ha-ra, which is defined in the bilingual Assyrian glossaries as "The host of the nation or people."

The title Ara, Arya or "Aryan" is found as a designation of rulers or masters to run throughout the whole family of the Aryan languages, including the Egyptian, presumably because the early rulers and masters were of this race. Thus it is in aspirated form the Her, Hera, Hearra or Herr, "lord or master" of the Goths, Scandinavians, Germans and Anglo-Saxons, the Aire "chieftain" of the Irish Scots and Gaels and so on. It is the Arios, Harios or Harri of the Medes, and Arya and Airya of the Ancient Persians in a similar exalted and racial sense; and it is thus proudly used by Darius the Great on his tomb where he calls himself "An Arya of Arya[n] descent", and Xerxes called himself a "Harri". The early sea-going branch of the Sumerians, the Morites or Amorites who have left many "prehistoric" inscriptions in the British Isles, whilst calling themselves Mur, Gut or "Goth" and Kad[forms of Khatti, Catti or "Hittite"], also called themselves Ari, which now appears to be a dialectic form of this title "Aryan".